SOULT, NICOLAS-JEAN DE DIEU

   duke of Dalmatia and marshal of France, born at St. Amans-la-Bastide, department of Tarn; enlisted as a private in 1785, and by 1794 was general of a brigade; gallant conduct in Swiss and Italian campaigns under Masséna won him rapid promotion, and in 1804 he was created a marshal; served with the emperor in Germany, and led the deciding charge at Austerlitz, and for his services in connection with the Treaty of Tilsit received the title of Duc de Dalmatia; at the head of the French army in Spain he outmanoeuvred the English in 1808, conquered Portugal, and opposed to Wellington a skill and tenacity not less than his own, but was thwarted in his efforts by the obstinate incompetence of Joseph Bonaparte; turned Royalist after the abdication of Napoleon, but on his return from Elba rallied to the emperor's standard, and fought at Waterloo; was subsequently banished, but restored in 1819; became active in the public service, and was honoured as ambassador in England in 1838; retired in 1845 with the honorary title of "Marshal-General of France" (1769-1851).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Soult, Nicolas-Jean de Dieu — (1769 1851)    marshal of France    Born in Saint Amans la Bastide, Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult joined the military in 1785 and later, during the revolution of 1789 and the first empire, served with distinction in a number of campaigns. He took… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Soult, Nicolas-Jean de Dieu — ► (1769 1851) Militar y político francés, duque de Dalmacia. Intervino en la Guerra de la Independencia española y fue general en jefe de los ejércitos napoleónicos en España …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Soult, Nicolas-Jean de Dieu, Duc De Dalmatie — ▪ French military leader born March 29, 1769, Saint Amans la Bastide, later Saint Amans Soult, Fr. died Nov. 26, 1851, Saint Amans Soult       French military leader and political figure who was noted for his courage in battle and his opportunism …   Universalium

  • Nicolas-Jean de Dieu Soult — Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Herzog von Dalmatien, (* 29. März 1769 in Saint Amans La Bastide, heute Saint Amans Soult, Tarn; † 26. November 1851 ebenda), war ein französischer Revolutionsgeneral, Marschall Napoléons, zweimal französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult — Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Herzog von Dalmatien, (* 29. März 1769 in Saint Amans La Bastide, heute Saint Amans Soult, Tarn; † 26. November 1851 ebenda), war ein französischer Revolutionsgeneral, Marschall Napoléons, zweimal französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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